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As an example Pinnacle Point's caves, in the southern coast of South Africa, provided evidence that marine resources (shellfish) have been regularly exploited by humans as of 170,000 years ago.On the other hand, remains as recent as a hundred years old can also be the target of archaeological dating methods.In addition, because of its particular relation with past human presence or past human activity, archaeology uses almost all the dating methods that it shares with the other sciences, but with some particular variations, like the following: Seriation is a relative dating method (see, above, the list of relative dating methods).An example of a practical application of seriation, is the comparison of the known style of artefacts such as stone tools or pottery.Prior to the availability of radiocarbon dates (and when there is no material suitable for a radiocarbon date) scientists used a system of relative dating.Relative dating establishes the sequence of physical or cultural events in time.Historians, for example, know that Shakespeare's play Henry V was not written before 1587 because Shakespeare's primary source for writing his play was the second edition of Raphael Holinshed's Chronicles, not published until 1587.

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The resulting sequence from the bottom-most sediments would be oldest-to- young-to- older.Dating is very important in archaeology for constructing models of the past, as it relies on the integrity of dateable objects and samples.Many disciplines of archaeological science are concerned with dating evidence, but in practice several different dating techniques must be applied in some circumstances, thus dating evidence for much of an archaeological sequence recorded during excavation requires matching information from known absolute or some associated steps, with a careful study of stratigraphic relationships.In this relative dating method, Latin terms ante quem and post quem are usually used to indicate both the oldest and the most recent possible moments when an event occurred or an artifact was left in a stratum.But this method is also useful in many other disciplines.Many different organic (carbon containing) materials may be dated using the radiocarbon method.

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